The return of former Mayor of Lima Luis Castañeda Lossio in January has not been as easy as he had expected. Elected without presenting any plans for his proposed government he was chosen simply on the premise that he was not Susana Villarán. As journalist Rosa María Palacios has noted, much to his surprise, an important number of people in the city of Lima have not been as accepting of his methods of governing as they were during his two previous administrations. Palacios claims this is because people have become accustomed to a different way of practicing politics introduced by Villarán. She carried out her business, by involving the City Council and debating proposals in public. She was also unafraid of carrying out important long-term reforms, even if they would not be seen through under her Mayoral term.

In his first 100 days in post, Castañeda has lost around 11 to 15% of his support. This is due to a variety of reasons: from his run-ins with the art community angered by his attacks against public art, to his lack of plans for transport and his cancelling of the efforts made by his predecessor to both improve traffic in the city and create a 30 hectare park that would see recuperation of areas close to the River Rimac. It is not clear if Castañeda will heed to the calls being made for him to reassess the by-pass he is planning for Aveninda 28 de Julio in Central Lima, or if he will take up some of the initiatives proposed by his processor, but it is clear he will have to face much more public scrutiny than before.