The FSA took place in Quito, Ecuador. Organisers estimate that 10,000 people from the region, as well as special guests from other continents, attended. Campaigners from more than 45 nations took part.

The FSA is part of the World Social Forum that began in 2001 in Brazil and has become one of the biggest arenas for discussing social initiatives, developing critical thinking and constructing alternatives to current models of development in the world.

Held in Ecuador, a country with a large, highly organised indigenous population, the meeting gave the indigenous movement of the Andean nations greater prominence on the compass of the World Social Forum, bringing with it a sense of the rediscovery of cultural identities.