Human Rights Concerns in Peru: Peru Support Group Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review - November 2017
The Peru Support Group submitted to the United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) our assessment of some of the most pressing human rights concerns in the country.
The UPR is a State-driven process where each Member State has the opportunity to talk about their human rights record.This year, Peru (and many other countries) will be assessed in November through the UPR by UN Member States on their human rights record. During the sessions, the Human Rights Council will provide the opportunity to the Peruvian State to report on the actions they have taken to implement the recommendations they accepted during the previous review in 2012 and other measures they have taken to improve the human rights situation in the country.
Very importantly, the UPR mechanisms also allows other stakeholders, including civil society organizations, to submit information of their assessment of the human rights situation in a particular country, which becomes part of the information assessed by the UPR Working Group during the UPR sessions, taking place in Geneva. The outcome of the sessions is a report agreed by the working group, which contains a series of recommendations, which are the responsibility of the State to fulfill.
In our submission, we highlighted some of the issues that we found of concern, including: rights abuses and judicial harassment against people taking part in social protests, including human rights defenders, in the context of projects related to the extraction of natural resources; Indigenous peoples’ right to free, prior and informed consent, and issues related to the right to effective remedy. We also highlight the continued barriers facing women’s access to justice and reparation, including in relation to forced sterilisations. The document also contains a list of recommendations to the Peruvian state.
EITI Global meeting in Lima, February 2016
The Peru Support Group was present at the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) Global Conference, held in Lima on 24 and 25 February. Prof. Anthony Bebbington, for the PSG, chaired a side event on the shrinking space for civil society. The issue of civil society and its participation in the EITI proved to be a fractious issue, with some civil society groups walking out of the conference in protest. Here we summarise the work of the conference in terms of the EITI itself (and its importance for Peru), alongside the results of two side events: one held by Oxfam on the need for free, informed and prior consent (FPIC) for all extractive projects, and the other (written by Anthony Bebbington) on the role of civil society as an indispensable element within the EITI.
Torture at the Rio Blanco Mine: Academic Case Study
This PSG case study, published by King's College London and other universities, details the escalating conflicts and human rights violations associated with the Rio Blanco mining project from 2003. It differs from previous analyses in that it explains events in Piura, and subsequent efforts to obtain justice for the victims, principally through primary source material, including court documents, diplomatic cables, videos, photos and victim testimony. In so doing, it seeks to explain why many in Piura continue to oppose the project to date, and to highlight the potential for future conflict over the issue.
Update Extra: Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Peru
This report, available in both English and Spanish, critically examines the extent to which artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is responsible for the various problems often attributed to it. The report argues that a shortcoming of much analysis of the phenomenon thus far has been the failure to make a clear distinction between the size of mining (artisanal, small, medium or large-scale) and its mode of operation (illegal, informal or formal). This has often resulted in misconceptions about what the precise characteristics of ASM operations are.
Update Extra: Gender Relations and Women in Peru
This report, which was published to commemorate International Women's Day 2009, presents a snapshot of the themes with regard to gender relations and women's situation in Peru (April 2009).
Update Extra: Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Five Year Anniversary
This evaluation by the Peru Support Group of the five years since the publication of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's final report and recommendations on the period of internal armed conflict suffered by Peru between 1980 and 2000, is a timely reminder to the international community that despite the economic dynamism that the country has experienced over recent years at the macro level, exclusion continues to be prevalent. The actors may have changed, but the political landscape remains unchanged (February 2009).
Update Extra: The Great Water Debate: Cause and Effect in Peru
The purpose of this publication is to highlight the challenges of water provision in Peru, a country widely considered to be one of the most vulnerable in South America to severe water shortages (June 2008).
Mining and Development in Peru with Special Reference to the Río Blanco Project, Piura
This report addresses the relationships between mining and development in Peru, focusing on a particular experience in the Northern highlands of Piura - the Río Blanco Project, executed by Minera Majaz, a wholly owned subsidiary of the British company Monterrico Metals. The report is the work of an independent delegation organised and coordinated by the Peru Support Group (PSG).
- Peru Support Group
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