Peruvian Government Response
Discussions are taking place on how to incorporate climate change into national policies. Solutions are already focusing on increasing the capture and storage of rain water during the wet season, and increasing government investment in dams, tunnels and reservoirs. There is also a campaign to build a tunnel channelling water from the Atlantic side of the Andes but this will require an investment of at least £50 million.
In 2008 president Alan García wanted to pilot a project to desalinate water from the Pacific Ocean. Garcia said Peru must develop an alternate, more secure source by pumping water from the ocean and desalinating it. "We can't think about the future with yesterday's plans. We must use modern technology and this will happen as we treat ocean water".
In June 2009 Alan García met with the President of Biwater, a UK water solutions company. They met to discuss Biwater investing in the development of a desalination plant in Peru to ensure the supply, storage and distribution of potable water to the southern part of Lima by 2011. The project is said to require an investment of US$45 million.
According to information from the British Embassy in Lima, Peru associated itself with the Copenhagen Accord in January 2010 and is committed to taking action on three issues that are outlined in one of the agreement’s annexes (Annex B) in June 2010. These voluntary actions include:
• A zero deforestation target by 2021;
• At least 33% of all Peruvian energy to come from renewable sources by 2020;
• And increased measures to reduce emissions due to solid waste”.
In June 2010, Alan García and President of Brazil Lula da Silva signed an energy agreement in Manaus, Brazil. The agreement is for a series of dams to be built in the Peruvian Amazon to produce energy for Peruvian and Brazilian domestic markets. The total investment for the five dams is estimated at US$13.5 billion to US$16.5 billion. In a joint statement they confirmed the plan to be economically, socially and environmentally sustainable but it is opposed by environmentalists and the local indigenous population. The flooding caused by the dams could displace more than 4,000 indigenous and non-indigenous people. Furthermore the deforestation required to build the dams could cause a 6% increase in Peru’s greenhouse emissions.
The PROCLIM Programme (National Capacities Strengthening Programme to Manage Climate Change impact and Air Pollution) is the Peruvian response to reduce adverse impacts of climate change. It targets areas identified as vulnerable and works to improve human, institutional and financial resources with an emphasis on education and raising public awareness.