Peru says 'no' to Regionalisation - a blow to Decentralisation

30 November 2005

On 30th October there was a referendum in Peru asking her citizens whether or not they wanted to join with their neighbouring districts to become macro regions - where 3 separate districts become part of 1 region with the aim to facilitate decentralisation.

An overwhelming 69% of those that voted said 'no' and only 24% 'yes'. Only the district of Arequipa came near to the 50% needed to make the change while in many regions the 'no' vote was 80-85%.

Julio Díaz Palacios, of 'Red Perú', an NGO that works on local development initiatives, said, "the success of the no campaign is not a triumph for Centrists. It is evidence of disinformation and fear that was generated by certain actors, like political parties, in recent weeks. However, the 30% who voted for decentralisation are important and significant".
According to the Decentralisation Law, the next opportunity for a referendum is 2009, pushing the decentralisation process back.


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    The Peru Support Group exists to promote social inclusion, sustainable development and the observance of human rights in Peru. To that end the PSG highlights shortcomings in observance of established norms, whether international or local in nature, in its research, advocacy and publications. In so doing, it underscores the relationships that exist within the political system, how institutions work, and the effectiveness of policies that aim to reduce poverty and inequality within the context of sustainable development.

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