Climate change: Peru sets out its stall

3 July 2016

As is well known, Peru is one of the world’s countries most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. These impacts are already clearly measurable and their effects negative for the most vulnerable populations. However Peru has taken a fairly high profile in the global politics surrounding climate change, hosting the COP20 meeting in Lima at the end of 2014. The current minister, Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, has sought to raise the profile of the Environment Ministry and increase its efficacy in policy-making. A voluminous report has just been published on advances in policy on climate change in the period since 2010. It contains a mass of useful information for those interested in the subject. To download the report, ‘Perú y el cambio cimático: tercera comunicación nacional’, go to: 
http://www.minam.gob.pe/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Tercera-Comunicaci%C3%B3n.pdf

Coincidentally, the OECD and ECLAC have also just published their study on environmental problems and policies in Peru, in which they make 66 recommendations for improvement, starting with those related to institutional development. Top of the list here is the need to strengthen two key institutions: the Servicio Nacional de Certificación Ambiental para las Inversiones Sostenibles (SENACE) and the Organismo de Evaluación y Fiscalización Ambiental (OEFA). The report also urges effective policies for the mapping out of territorial uses (ordenamiento territorial). The report is likely to have considerable influence for future policy under Kuczynski who, on a recent visit to Chile, reaffirmed Peru’s goal of becoming a member of the Paris-based OECD in the next few years. To access the report, go to:
https://www.oecd.org/environment/country-reviews/16-00313%20Evaluacion%20desempeno-Peru-WEB.pdf

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    The Peru Support Group exists to promote social inclusion, sustainable development and the observance of human rights in Peru. To that end the PSG highlights shortcomings in observance of established norms, whether international or local in nature, in its research, advocacy and publications. In so doing, it underscores the relationships that exist within the political system, how institutions work, and the effectiveness of policies that aim to reduce poverty and inequality within the context of sustainable development.

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