The World Bank director for the Andean region, Alberto Rodríguez, considers Peru’s legislation on prior consultation to be one of this area’s most advanced. Speaking at the IMF and World Bank annual meeting in Lima, Rodríguez stressed how he saw the Bank’s role as creating mechanisms to link extractive activities with improved social infrastructure in places where the former take place. “This is part of the solution for reducing social conflict” he is reported as saying. He considered it is natural that such conflicts erupt in response to projects like Tía María and Las Bambas, but that “the most important things is that there is respect for the law and that consultation takes place” since mining projects “have to respect environmental and social norms”.
http://www.andina.com.pe/agencia/noticia-peru-tiene-una-las-legislaciones-mas-avanzadas-consulta-previa-bm-578667.aspx